Biobanks are collections of genetic material and other clinical data which help research diseases, particularly rare ones that have been hard to study. When hospitals or other facilities start collecting biobank data, they also create samples for research.
Biobanks are repositories of biological specimens that researchers can use to find genetic links and study how they relate to a particular disease. Biobanks have been around for decades, but the problem is that medical research has become incredibly more advanced in recent years, which not only makes biobanks outdated but also very expensive.
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Biobanks exist at all levels of health care, but they can vary greatly in size and type. Researchers usually need to be approved by the biobank administrators before they can access their data for research purposes. Because genetics is such a complex and difficult science, no one can really say what exactly causes any given condition or disease. With the increase in genetic information, the number of patients with a specific disease has increased as well.
Biobanks have helped to ease some of that pressure by providing genetic test results for those who have not been diagnosed yet. The benefits of biobanks are far-reaching in many ways because they can provide insight into previously undiagnosed diseases. This helps medical researchers answer some key questions that cannot be answered through traditional research methods, such as how certain changes in the gene are related to certain diseases or conditions. Biobanks are finding more uses in medical research and studies have shown that biobanks are beneficial for patient care.